Jesus as the Word was spirit being with God and “was God” in the beginning (John 1:1).
To save man from the penalty of death for sin, the Word had to pay the penalty himself so that God’s intention to make man become like God, who is Spirit (Gen. 1:26), will succeed (1 John 3:2).
And Jesus became flesh (John 1:14) shedding off his God nature of immortality for the suffering of death (Hebrews 2:9). Being in the nature of a man who is weak, the no longer spirit Word was filled with the Holy Spirit (Luke 4:1). The composition of Jesus Christ is the Word who had become mortal flesh filled with the Holy Spirit. There was only one being, Jesus Christ.
Being the Son of God and given supernatural powers by God, Jesus could perform miracles, heal the sick, raise dead persons to life, walk on water, etc.
Jesus’ disciples, who were not yet given the Holy Spirit, were superstitious. They did not yet know then that Jesus could walk on water. When Jesus did walk on water while the disciples were riding on a boat rocked by big waves, they were terrified thinking they saw a ghost. Jesus had to assure them that it was he, Jesus. (Matthew 14:25-27)
Jesus was always with his disciples teaching them and eating with them. But concerning his death and resurrection, it was difficult for the disciples to believe. To some of them, unless they could see Jesus himself, they would not believe that Jesus really rose from the dead. At that time, they did not know yet the scripture that Jesus would be raised from the dead (John 20:9).
Having accomplished the purpose of dying with the penalty of sin fully paid for, there was no more reason for Jesus to remain flesh. After three days, God raised Jesus from the dead (Acts 13:30).
As the Word previously “became flesh” in order to be subject to death, Jesus “became a life giving spirit” at his raising (1 Corinthians 15:45).
The Word, who briefly became a Lamb for sacrifice, was restored to his temporarily shed off nature of immortality as a spirit being.
But Jesus’ disciples who are to become his witnesses of his death and resurrection had to be convinced he really did rise from the dead. They had to see Jesus as they last saw him. The spirit Jesus had to manifest himself as flesh and bones.
Not being convinced yet that Jesus indeed had risen, they were again “terrified and frightened” when Jesus showed himself to them in the flesh. They again supposed Jesus to be a ghost (spirit).
Luke 24:36 Now as they said these things, Jesus Himself stood in the midst of them, and said to them, “Peace to you.” 37 But they were terrified and frightened, and supposed they had seen a spirit.
Jesus had to assure them it was him, “it is I Myself”. He had to manifest as flesh and bones showing the places where the nails pierced his hands and feet for them to really recognize him to be their Teacher Jesus who was killed 3 days previous.
Luke 24:38 And He said to them, “Why are you troubled? And why do doubts arise in your hearts? 39 Behold My hands and My feet, that it is I Myself. Handle Me and see, for a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you see I have.”
40 When He had said this, He showed them His hands and His feet.
But the disciples were difficult to be convinced. Though joyful and marvelled, they still did not believe!!!
Luke 24:41 But while they still did not believe for joy, and marvelled…
To convince them he really was Jesus, Jesus asked for food since the disciples could associate their previous eating together with their master.
Luke 24:41…He said to them, “Have you any food here?”42 So they gave Him a piece of a broiled fish and some honeycomb. 43 And He took it and ate in their presence.
The reason Jesus manifested himself to the disciples as flesh and bones and ate in their presence was to really convince them he had risen making them convicted and effective witnesses to Jesus’ death and resurrection.
The glorified Jesus was completely spirit. As such, Jesus Christ now has no flesh and bones. Jesus was restored to his former glory with the glory he had with the Father before the world was (John 17:5).
Jesus is now in the kingdom of God in heaven. If he has flesh and bones and blood, Paul would not have said that “flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God”.
1 Corinthians 15:50 Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God;
The plan of God to make man in God’s image and in God’s likeness would be a failure if Jesus now has flesh and bones. This would be the reverse of what was intended in the beginning (Genesis 1:26). Instead of man becoming like God, it would be that God (Jesus) had become like man. This is farther from the truth.
Jesus now sitting at the right hand of God is fully a Spirit God.
Question: Scholars and Christian teachers are also divided in this concept. I tend to be on the God-Man sitting beside the Father in His throne in heaven mediating between God and man. However i am not dogmatic about this. Meaning i am still open for other possibilities. I think this is just one of several peripheral issues.
Answer: I think the belief that Jesus now in heaven is now also a man is not a peripheral issue. His being a mediator does not require him to retain his having been in the flesh for sometime in his life. I have in mind always the core message of the bible that God is creating man to become “like Him” and not the creator to become like man, hence, I would not get lost in the thick of what the scholars say.